EL tema esencial en herpetología es la iluminación. ¿Necesitan sus animales solamente luz, o también calor y radiación UV? Aquí encontrará las respuestas.
The lighting belongs to the most important factors for the successful care of terrarium animals because in addition to the visible light spectrum it also provides heat and UV radiation.
So the most important question about the light is this: Do the animals only require visible light or UV radiation as well? It is often said that rainforest animals need little or no UV, whereas desert animals always need a lot of UV light. This is actually not correct because a rainforest animal living at the riverside or in the crown of a tree gets more UV radiation than a desert animal which is active at twilight or lives in a cave. The choice of lighting depends on the demand for UV.
Aquí hay fuentes luminosas sin, con poca o con mucha radiación UV:
If you use a light source which produces UV radiation, it is important to know that glass holds back up to 50% of the UV quantity! Therefore the UV emitting light source should be attached inside the terrarium and glass should not be placed between the light source and the animals.
It’s equally important that the UV quantity significantly decreases with increasing distance to the light source. This means that animals with a UV emitting fluorescent tube as their single light source are only getting enough UV at a distance of only 10-20 cm to the tube. Climbing facilities often reduce the distance between light source and animals and should definitely be a feature of higher terrariums. Because the animals associate visible light with heat, they actively seek out those spots for “sunbathing”. Of course the climbing facilities for some animal species, such as tortoises, are very limited.
The different lamp types require totally different sockets. It is important to choose the right one because many lamps reach very high temperatures and any potential danger has to be precluded. For that reason JBL has heat-resistant protection baskets, such as JBL TempProtect light and high-temperature resistant sockets, such as JBL TempSet basic in the program range.
You can double the light efficiency of your fluorescent tubes by clipping on the JBL SOLAR Reflect T5/T8 highly specular reflectors. Make sure that the sockets are suitable for wet rooms to avoid problems when using a water sprayer.
Nowadays there are high-quality reflectors for energy-saving lamps too, and these can multiply the light efficiency ( JBL TempReflect light ).
Anyone wanting to use metal halide lamps needs to use special ballasts, such as the JBL TempSet Unit L-U-W .Because the metal halide lamps require a high ignition voltage, they only work with these specific ballasts.
Please don’t buy any „cheap“ ballasts because with defect lamps they will keep trying to ignite, and with a 5000 V ignition voltage, this is likely to result in a cable fire (no joke!).
Atención: aunque su animal sea nocturno, si nos informamos a fondo sobre la forma de vida del animal, puede que sea necesario proporcionarle radiación UV para mantenerlo adecuadamente. Por ejemplo, las pitones arborícolas nocturnas suelen reposar durante el día en las copas de los árboles y reciben mucha radiación ultravioleta. Cuando anochece, la disminución de la radiación UV provoca el inicio de su fase activa. También los animales crepusculares reciben un «resto» de radiación solar y, con ella, luz ultravioleta. Por tanto, mantenerlos sin luz UV no sería adecuado y podría causar problemas.