Alimentazione degli animali da terrario

In order to keep terrarium pets healthy, it is vital that they are fed in accordance with the needs of their particular species. This is the only way to avoid deficiencies e.g. rickets or illnesses caused by malnutrition (fatty liver, renal gout). It is important to know the natural eating habits of the animals in order to provide a balanced diet. In a terrarium, many omnivores or opportunists especially like to eat types of food which they would rarely find in the wild, or only at certain times of the year.

For example, some herbivores will also eat live food. If terrarium pets are given fully atypical food, for example, toast bread soaked in milk, cooked pasta, minced meat or cat food, a surprising number are certain to greedily devour this. However, not everything that the terrarium animals like to eat is good for their health. The reason why large common iguana do not eat cat food in the rainforest is not that the tins are hard to open, but simply because there is none there. Simply giving the animals their favourite food (he just loves to eat it) for convenience or out of excessive care is the wrong way to feed.

Con quale frequenza nutrire?

There is no simple general answer to this question. The amount of food to give per meal and the intervals between feeds can vary widely according to the species. Of course, young animals usually need to be fed daily in the first few weeks, whereas adults only have to be fed 2-3 times a week. Depending on their age, snakes only need food at very long intervals, whereas the small colourful tree-climbing frogs (Dendrobatidae) develop serious problems after only a few days without food. The amount of food given should also be suitable for the pet. Many animals eat ahead so-to-speak so they will be ready for the annual dry season in their natural habitat when food becomes scarce. Of course, they are not aware that there will be no food shortage in the terrarium and, as a result, do not stop eating ahead when their owner constantly feeds them too generously. This is why desert animals are at a far greater risk of developing fatty degeneration than rainforest animals. Overfed animals become sluggish, their sex organs may become fatty, leading to sterility, or they may even die from organ failure, e.g. when their liver stops functioning because too much fat has been stored.

Mangime per carnivori

Most terrarium animals are “animal eaters”, so-called because they eat whole, live animals. As they are “programmed” to particular stimuli, such as the movement of the live food or, in the case of snakes, the warmth of the small mammal or bird serving as the victim, they can rarely be trained to accept substitute food, with few exceptions. Snakes can often be successfully brought to accept dead prey if it is warmed to 37-40 °C (microwave) before being offered as food.

Nowadays, specialist pet shops offer a wide range of live food animals e.g. small mammals, grasshoppers, cockroaches, crickets, house crickets, flies, fruit flies, springtails, worms, mosquito larvae, wax worms or crustaceans. Compared with the vast range available in the wild, this is still a very moderate selection. To avoid deficiency symptoms, the type of food animals purchased should be changed frequently instead of buying just one kind. Last, but not least, the food animals that are purchased should be improved by feeding with high-grade food prior to being fed to your terrarium pets. This can be done by feeding them up with high-grade food mixtures such as JBL TerraCrick , crusca, piante aromatiche, frutta, verdura, minerali per "farcirli" e aumentare il loro valore nutritivo. Attenzione: non si riconosce il valore nutritivo degli animali da pasto dal loro aspetto! Perché le erbe, i minerali e le fibre che un grillo assume poco prima di essere divorato, sono a loro volta ingeriti indirettamente dal carnivoro che si mangia il grillo. Se non vuoi toccare con le mani gli animali da pasto o allontanare le tue dita dalla zona di pericolo, puoi somministrare questi animaletti in tutta sicurezza con una lunga pinzetta ( JBL ProScape Tool P straight o JBL ProScape Tool P slim line ) to offer the live feed.

In estate hai la possibilità di ampliare il menù dei tuoi insettivori con gli insetti catturati da te nei prati. Naturalmente non raccoglierli in campi e prati che sono stati trattati con erbicidi e simili e rilascia in libertà gli insetti tutelati che ti capitano nella rete.

Mangime per vegetariani

Gli animali che si nutrono solamente o soprattutto di vegetali, come ad es. le iguane verdi, chuckwalla o le testuggini europee vanno nutriti anche nel terrario con erbe prataiole (come dente di leone, trifoglio e piantaggine), diverse insalate e germogli, verdura tritata o anche con miscele di erbe essiccate o bastoncini di paglia o di erba medica. Con JBL Iguvert per iguane e JBL Agivert and JBL Herbil NOVITÀ per le testuggini JBL offre tre mangimi di alta qualità per gli animali da terrario vegetariani. Questi mangimi contengono soltanto ingredienti vegetali con un'alta quota di fibre e poche proteine. Agli uromastici puoi offrire inoltre diversi tipi di semi, che trovi sullo scaffale dei mangimi per gli uccelli. Di regola i veri vegetariani hanno bisogno, per rimanere sani, di alimenti poveri di proteine ma ricche di fibre.

© 10.09.2017
Heiko Blessin
Heiko Blessin
Dipl.-Biologe

Tauchen, Fotografie, Aquaristik, Haie, Motorrad

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