Aquarium plants – the green lung of your aquarium

Aquatic plants can do much more than just look beautiful and produce oxygen. They remove phosphates and nitrates from the water (for more details, see Water values ) and even act as competition with the algae for nutrients. They can absorb toxins from the water and provide a well accepted supplementary food and hiding places for the fish. In a nutshell: aquatic plants are the best helpers your aquarium can have!

Please don’t skimp on your aquatic plants!

It’s better to purchase a few too many plants than not enough. Choose fast-growing species, not dark-green ones which mostly grow slowly. The quicker a plant grows the more nutrients it absorbs from the water and ensures a healthy, functioning aquarium.

Which plants are the best for you?

If you have picked one of our themed aquariums you will receive the appropriate plant selection list for it.

If you want to design your aquarium yourself, you will need to keep some points in mind

At your specialist shop select as many different species as possible. Not all species thrive the same way, and so the chance is bigger that there are species present which are comfortable in your aquarium.

Select some fast growing plants because they absorb more algae-promoting nutrients from the water than slow growing species.

Dark green

Slowly growing, mostly undemanding, needs little light and fertiliser

Light green

Mostly fast growing, liking light, a bit of fertiliser, does grow better with CO2 fertilisation


Needs a lot of light and fertiliser and by all means a CO2 fertilisation

Easy-care plants
  • Aegagropila linnaei
  • Anubias barteri (various species)
  • Bacopa caroliniana
  • Bucephalandra 'Wavy Green'
  • Cabomba aquaticaCardamine lyrata
  • Ceratophyllum demersum
  • Crinum calamistratum
  • Cryptocoryne beckettii
  • Cryptocoryne crispatula
  • Cryptocoryne wendtii
  • Echinodorus bleheri
  • Egeria densa
  • Helanthium tenellum
  • Hottonia palustris
  • Hygrophila corymbosa
  • Limnophila sessiliflora
  • Lobelia cardinalis
  • Microsorum pteropus
  • Monosolenium tenerum
  • Sagittaria subulata
  • Staurogyne repens
  • Vallisneria americana
Medium-care plants
  • Alternanthera reineckii
  • Aponogeton boivinianus
  • Aponogeton ulvaceus
  • Bolbitis heudelotii
  • Ceratopteris thalictroides
  • Echinodorus 'Aquartica'
  • Echinodorus palaefolius
  • Eleocharis acicularis 'Mini'
  • Hydrocotyle tripartita
  • Hygrophila costata
  • Limnophila aquatica
  • Ludwigia glandulosa
  • Micranthemum 'Monte Carlo'
  • Nymphaea lotus
  • Pogostemon erectus
  • Pogostemon helferi
  • Rotala 'Bonsai'
  • Vesicularia ferriei
Demanding plants
  • Glossostigma elatinoides
  • Hemianthus callitrichoides 'Cuba'
  • Hemianthus micranthemoides
  • Pogostemon stellata
  • Riccardia chamedryfolia
  • Rotala macrandra
  • Rotala wallichii
  • Utricularia graminifolia

What’s the best way to plant them?

When inserting the plants please take into account how high the plants will grow and how much space they require at their sides. Lower remaining plants should be at the front, whereas higher plants are better positioned at the background. You can purchase a lot of plants in plant pots at specialist shops. Please remove the wool-like material from the plant roots and prune the roots with scissors ( JBL ProScape Tool S curved ).

Then carefully insert the plants into the soil. Sometimes the plants get out as quickly as you insert them. A good help are plant clips ( JBL ProScape Plantis ) and long pincers ( JBL ProScape Tool P straight ).

How do you fix plants on wood and stones?

There are plant species which don’t need to root in the soil but can easily grow on stones and wood. These include the well-known java fern and many mosses. You can tether up these plants with fishing line which you remove after a few weeks. Or use the aquascaper trick: simply bond the plants with an underwater adhesive ( JBL ProHaru Universal 200 ml ) to the desired place. Please wear disposable gloves to avoid coloured fingers.

How do you promote growth on plants and roots?

Before adding new aquatic plants you need to trim the roots with scissors ( JBL ProScape Tool S straight ) to about 3 cm length.

Before you push the plants with pincers ( JBL ProScape Tool P curved ) into the soil, you have the opportunity to promote the root formation with a fertiliser ball ( JBL The 7 balls ). The fertiliser balls release their nutrients slowly and need to be replaced after 180 days. For the monthly redosage we recommend JBL Ferropol Root , which you just press as tablet into the root area. Fertiliser ball and tablets are the perfect supplement for long-term nutrient substrates, such as JBL AquaBasis plus .